According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), India and China have increased their nuclear arsenal over the last year Both the countries are considered as the largest superpower of the Asian continent. But, few still believe that India is inferior to China. However, scholars Frank O’Donnell and Alex Bollfrass in a report for Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs said that if another Sino-Indian conflict erupts, India is much stronger than it appears. According to Frank O’Donnell and Alex Bollfrass’s study, China and India have roughly equivalent forces in the border region. It is said that the Chinese airpower in the region operates from four major airbases, which can be neutralized by Indian bombardment. Also, the high altitude of Chinese air bases in Tibet and Xinjiang, plus the generally difficult geographic and weather conditions of the region, means that Chinese fighters are limited to carrying around half their design payload and fuel. However, The Indian Army is armed with the nucleic triad and has, over the years, undergone steady modernization with investments in areas such as futuristic soldier systems and missile defense systems. In 2014, India was the largest importer of military equipment with Russia, Israel, France, and the United States being the top foreign suppliers. On the other hand, Chinese military is made up of five different branches, the army, navy, air force, rocket force, and the strategic support force which is in charge of cyberspace and electronic welfare. China has large troop number and defense budget compared to that of India, but that does not mean that China can subdue India. Here is the comparison: Defense Budget: India: US$ 70 billion in Feb. 2020 China: US$177.61 bln June 2019 Atomic Bombs India: 120 to 130 China:270 to 300 Attack Helicopter India: 19 China: 200 Major Ports/Terminals India: 7 China: 15 Towed Artillery India: 7414 China: 6246 Destroyer Ships India: 10 China: 32 Mine Warfare Craft India: 6 China: 4 Patrol Craft India: 135 China:138 Frigates India: 14 China: 48
China has a nuclear stockpile of 270 warheads and the first nuclear weapon test was conducted in October 1964 and the last one in July 1996. India has a nuclear stockpile of 130 to 140 warheads and the first nuclear test was in 1974. China’s Military allies are North Korea, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Laos, Cuba and any other nation whose existence depends on aid from China India’s Military allies are USA, Australia, Japan may support with technology and maybe financially, South Korea and Israel may also support with technology and intelligence However, all the above information suggests that despite China’s military and technology power, Indian military power should not be underestimated.